1900 – 1954

WORK IN PROGRESS
1901 The first radio message is sent across the Atlantic Ocean in Morse code.
1902 3M is founded.
1906 The IEC is founded in London England.
  Grace Hopper is born December 9, 1906.
1911 Company now known as IBM on is incorporated June 15, 1911 in the state of New York  as the Computing – Tabulating – Recording Company – C-T-R -, a consolidation of  the Computing Scale Company, and The International Time Recording Company.
1912 Alan Turing is born June 23, 1912.
  G. N. Lewis begins work on the lithium battery.
1915 The first telephone call is made across the continent.
1919 Olympus is established on October 12, 1919 by Takeshi Yamashita.
1919 Hugo Alexander Koch – Delft, 9.3.1870 – Düsseldorf, 9.3.1928 – became famous by patent number 10.700, October, 7 1919 which he aquired in Holland for his coming machine, later known as the Enigma.
1920 First radio broadcasting begins in United States, Pittsburgh, PA.
1921 Czech playwright Karel Čapek coins the term ‘robot’ in the 1921 play RUR – Rossum’s Universal Robots -.
  The first Radio Shack store is open.
1922 MPAA is established.
1923 Eugene Kleiner is born.
  Jack Kilby is born November 8, 1923.
1924 The Computing – Tabulating – Recording – C-T-R – company is renamed to IBM on February 14, 1924.
1925 Douglas Engelbart is born.
  Seymour Cray is born.
1927 Philo Taylor Farnsworth becomes the first person to successfully transmit a TV signal on September 7, 1927.
  Robert Noyce is born December 12, 1927.
1928 September 25, 1928, The Galvin Manufacturing Corporation begins, the company will later be known as Motorola.
1929 Gordon Moore is born January 3, 1929.
1930 Edsger Dijkstra is born May 11, 1930.
  Galvin Manufacturing Corporation Auto radios begin to be sold as an accessory for the automobile. Paul Galvin coins the name Motorola for the company’s new products, linking the ideas of motion and radio.
  Citizen is founded.
1932 Jay Glenn Miner is born May 31, 1932.
1933 Canon is established.
1934 The FCC is established.
  The US Communication Act goes into place.
1935 The Polygraph machine aka lie detector is used for the first time.
1936 Germanys Konrad Zuse creates the Z1, one of the first binary digital computers and a machine that could be controlled through a punch tape.
  Dvorak keyboard is developed.
1937 Iowa State Colleges John Vincent Atanasoff and Clifford Berry begin work on creating the binary-based ABC – Atanasoft-Berry Computer -. Considered by most to be the first electronic digital computer.
  Alec Reeves develops PCM.
1938 The company no known as Hewlett Packard creates its first product the HP 200A.
  Orson Welles and Houseman broadcast H.G. Welles War of the Worlds on the airways October 30th as a Halloween spoof.
  BBC creates the first science fiction television program.
1939 George Stibitz completes the Complex Number Calculator capable of adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing complex numbers. This device provides a foundation for digital computers.
  The first Radio Shack catalog is published.
  Iowa State Colleges John Vincent Atanasoff and Clifford Berry create a prototype of the binary-based ABC – Atanasoft-Berry Computer -.
  Hewlett Packard is found by William Hewlett and David Packard. The name is decided on the flip of a coin toss.
1940 The first handheld two-way radio called the ‘Handy Talkie’ is created by Motorola for the U.S. Army Signal Control.
1941 German Konrad Zuse finishes the Z3, a fully operational calculating machine.
1943 ENIAC – Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer -, the first general-purpose electronic digital calculator begins to be constructed. This computer by most is considered to be the first electronic computer.
  Dan Noble with Motorola designs a ‘Walkie Talkie’ the first portable FM two-way radio that a backpack version that weighed 35 pounds.
1944 The relay-based Harvard-IBM MARK I a large programmable-controlled calculating machine provides vital calculations for the U.S. Navy. Grace Hopper becomes its programmer.
  The first binary, and partially programmable computer, Colossus, was created at Bletchley Park.
1945 Patent is filed for the Harvard Mark I digital computer on February 8, 1945.
  The Von Neumann Architecture is introduced in John von Neumann‘s report of the EDVAC.
  Alan Turing During World War II, Turing worked for the Government Code and Cypher School – GC&CS – at Bletchley Park, Britain’s codebreaking centre. For a time he led Hut 8, the section responsible for German naval cryptanalysis. He devised a number of techniques for breaking German ciphers, including improvements to the pre-war Polish bombe method, an electromechanical machine that could find settings for the Enigma machine.
  The term bug as computer bug was termed by Grace Hopper when programming the MARK II.
1946 Freddie Williams applies for a patent on his cathode-ray tube – CRT – storing device in December. The device that later became known as the Williams tube is capable of storing between 512 and 1024 bits of data.
  ENIAC computer completed.
  Robert Metcalfe is born.
  The Selectron tube capable of storing 256 bits of information begins development.
1947 Freddie Williams memory system known as the Williams tube is now in working order.
  ISO is founded.
  John Bardeen, Walter Brattain and William Shockley invent the first transistor at the Bell Laboratories on December 23, 1947.
1948 IBM builds the SSEC – Selective Sequence Electronic Calculator -. The computer contains 12,000 tubes.
  Andrew Donald Booth creates magnetic drum memory, which is two inches long and two inches wide and capable of holding 10 bits per inch.
  The 604 multiplying punch, based upon the vacuum tube technology, is produced by IBM.
  The television begins to divert radio audiences.
  Raymond ‘Ray’ Kurzweil is born February 12.
1949 Claude Shannon – the father of information theory – builds the first machine that plays chess at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
  The Harvard-MARK III, the first of the MARK machines to use an internally stored program and indirect addressing, goes into operations again under the direction of Howard Aiken.
  The first computer company, Electronic Controls Company is founded by J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly, the same individuals who helped create the ENIAC computer.
  The EDSAC performs its first calculation on May 6, 1949.
  The small-scale electronic machine – SSEM – is fully operational at Manchester University.
  The Australian computer CSIRAC is first ran.
  Willem Tanja is born.
1950 The first electronic computer is created in Japan by Hideo Yamachito.
  The enhanced Z4 is installed by Konrad Suse
  Steve Wozniak is born August 11, 1950.
  Alan Turing publishes his paper Computing Machinery and Intelligence in October. This paper helps create the Turing Test.
  The NICAD battery begins its commercial use.
1951 The first business computer, the Lyons Electronic Office – LEO – is completed by T. Raymond Thompson, John Simmons and their team at Lyons Co.
  The first commercial computer, the ‘First Ferranti MARK I’ is now functional at Manchester University.
  The first ISO is published with the title, ‘Standard reference temperature for industrial length measurement.’
  UNIVAC I was introduced.
  The EDVAC begins performing basic tasks.
  The Nixie tube is first introduced.
  Grace Hopper develops A-0, the first Arithmetic language.
  Dan Bricklin is born.
1952 Complaint is filed against IBM for Monopolistic practices on January 1952.
  Fairly reliable working magnetic drum memories for use in computers begin to be sold by Andrew Donald Booth and his father.
  RIAA is established.
  Alexander Sandy Douglas created the first graphical computer game of Tic-Tac-Toe on an EDSAC known as ‘OXO.’
1953 IBM introduces the first IBM computer, the 701.
  A magnetic memory smaller and faster than existing vacuum tube memories is built at MIT.
  Paul Allen is born January 21, 1953.
  The IBM 701 becomes available to the scientific community. A total of 19 are produced and sold.
1954 IBM produces and markets the IBM 650. More than 1,800 of these computers are sold in an eight-year span
  Larry Wall is born.
  Alan Turing passes away June 7, 1954.
  The first version of FORTRAN – formula translator – is published by IBM.
  CERN is established on September 29, 1954.

 

I just wish my mouth had a backspace key.