1975 – 1999

WORK IN PROGRESS
1975 Bill Gates, Paul Allen, and Monte Davidoff announce Altair BASIC.
  MITS ships one of the first PCs, the Altair 8800 with one kilobyte – KB – of memory. The computer is ordered as a mail-order kit for $397.00.
  A flight simulator demo is first shown.
  Paul Allen and Bill Gates write the first computer language program for personal computers, which is a form of BASIC designed for the Altair. Gates later drops out of Harvard and founds Microsoft with Allen.
  Xerox exits the computer market on July 21, 1975.
  The Byte Shop, one of the first computer stores, open in California.
  EPSON enters the US market.
  IMS Associates begin shipping its IMSAI 8080 computer kits on December 16, 1975.
1976 On February 3, 1976 David Bunnell publishes an article by Bill Gates complaining about software piracy in his Computer Notes Altair newsletter.
  Steve Wozniak designs the first Apple, the Apple I computer in 1976, later Wozniak and Steve Jobs co-found Apple Computers on April Fools day.
  The first 5.25-inch floppy disk is invented.
  Microsoft introduces an improved version of BASIC.
  The First Annual World Altair Computer convention and first convention of computer hobbyists is held in New Mexico on March 26, 1976.
  The term meme is first defined in the book The Selfish Gene by Richard Dawkins.
  The first Public Key Cryptography known as the Deffie-Hellman is developed by Whitfield Deffie and Martin Hellman.
  The Intel 8086 is introduced.
  The original Apple computer company logo of Sir Isaac Newton sitting under an apple tree is replaced by the well known rainbow colored apple with a bite out of it.
  Matrox is founded.
  DES is approved as a federal standard in November 1976.
  Microsoft name is trademarked in November 1976.
  In December of 1976 Bill Gates drops out of Harvard to devote all his time to Microsoft.
1977 Ward Christansen develops a popular modem transfer modem called Xmodem.
  Apple Computer becomes Incorporated January 4, 1977
  Apple Computer Inc., Radio Shack, and Commodore all introduce mass-market computers.
  The First West Coast Computer Faire in San Francisco’s Brooks Civic Auditorium is held on April 15, 1977.
  Apple Computers Apple II, the first personal computer with color graphics is demonstrated.
  ARCNET the first commercially network is developed
  Zoom Telephonics is founded.
  Commodore announces that the PET – Personal Electronic Transactor – will be a self-contained unit, with a CPU, RAM, ROM, keyboard, monitor and tape recorder all for $495.00
  Microsoft sells the license for BASIC to Radio Shack and Apple and introduces the program in Japan.
  BSD is introduced.
1978 Dan Bricklin creates VisiCalc.
  The first BBS is put online February 16, 1978.
  TCP splits into TCP/IP driven by Danny Cohen, David Reed, and John Shoch to support real-time traffic. This allows the creation of UDP.
  Epson introduces the TX-80, which becomes the first successful dot matrix printer for personal computers.
  OSI is developed by ISO.
  Roy Trubshaw and Richard Bartle create the first MUD.
  The first spam e-mail was sent by Gary Thuerk in 1978 an employee at Digital who was advertising the new DECSYSTEM-2020, 2020T, 2060, AND 2060T on ARPAnet.
  Microsoft introduces a new version of COBOL.
  The 5.25-inch floppy disk becomes an industry standard.
  In June of 1978 Apple introduces Apple DOS 3.1, the first operating system for the Apple computers.
  Ward Christensen and Randy Seuss have the first major microcomputer bulletin board up and running in Chicago.
  ETA is founded.
  John Shoch and Jon Hupp at Xerox PARC develop the first worm.
1979 Robert Williams of Michigan became the first human to be killed by a robot at the Ford Motors company on January 25, 1979. Resulting in a $10 million dollar lawsuit.
  Software Arts Incorporated VisiCalc becomes the first electronic spreadsheet and business program for PCs.
  Epson releases the MX-80 which soon becomes an industry standard for dot matrix printers.
  SCO is founded.
  Sierra is founded.
  The Intel 8088 is released on July 1, 1979.
  Bit 3 is founded.
  Texas Instruments enters the computer market with the TI 99/4 personal computer that sells for $1,500.
  Hayes markets its first modem which becomes the industry standard for modems.
  Atari introduces a coin-operated version of Asteroids.
  More than half a million computers are in use in the United States.
  3COM is founded by Robert Metcalfe.
  Oracle introduces the first commercial version of SQL.
  The programming language DoD-1 is officially changed to Ada.
  The Motorola 68000 is released and is later chosen as the processor for the Apple Macintosh.
  Phoenix is founded.
  VMS is introduced.
  Usenet is first started
  Bit 3 is established.
  Seagate is founded.
  Saitek is founded
  Oracle is founded.
  Novell Data System is established as an operating system developer. Later in 1983 the company becomes the Novell company.
1980 On January 3 Hewlett Packard introduces its HP-85. A microcomputer with 16kB of RAM and a 5-inch CRT display.
  IBM hires Paul Allen and Bill Gates to create an operating system for a new PC. The pair buy the rights to a simple operating system manufactured by Seattle Computer Products and use it as a template. IBM allows the two to keep the marketing rights to the operating system, called DOS.
  IBM hires Microsoft to develop versions of BASIC, FORTRAN, COBOL, and Pascal for the PC being developed by IBM.
  Microsoft licenses Unix and starts to develop a PC version, XENIX.
  The programming language FORTRAN 77 is created.
  The first Tandy Color computer is introduced.
  AST is founded.
  Atari becomes the first company to register a Copyright for two computer games ‘Asteroids’ and ‘Lunar Landar’ on June 17, 1980.
  FIC is founded.
  Iomega is established.
  Quantum is founded.
1981 Diskeeper is founded on July 22, 1981.
  MS-DOS 1.0 was released August, 1981.
  American National Standards Institute more commonly known as ANSI was founded.
  IBM joins the computer race by announcing the IBM Personal Computer on August 12, 1981, which runs the new MS-DOS operating system and has a starting price of $1,565.
  Kermit is developed at the Columbia University in New York
  Xerox introduces the graphical Star workstation. This computer greatly influences the development of Apples future computer models, Lisa and Macintosh, as well as Microsofts Windows.
  VHDL is proposed and begins development.
  VMEbus is developed.
  Hayes Introduces the Smartmodem 300 with its standard setting AT command set and an operating speed of 300 bits per second.
  Adam Osborne introduces the Osborne I, the first successful portable computer, which weighs 25 pounds.
  Hewlett-Packard Superchip the first 32-bit chip is introduced.
  Commodore ships the VIC-20, which later becomes the worlds most popular computer costing only $299.95.
  Logitech is founded in Apples, Switzerland.
  Adaptec is founded.
  BITNET is founded.
  Gemlight is founded.
  Hayes releases the Smartmodem 1200 with transfer rates of 1,200 bits per second.
  CTX is established.
  Kensington is founded.
1982 Peter Norton creates Norton Utilities.
  Sony releases its first Trinitron monitor.
  SGI is founded.
  The Intel 80286 processor is first released on February 1, 1982.
  Maxtor is founded.
  Hercules is founded.
  Labtec is founded.
  Disney releases the movie Tron on July 9, 1982, the first movie to use computer generated special effects.
  Number Nine is founded.
  Symantec is founded.
  Jack Kilby is inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame.
  Microsoft releases FORTRAN for the PC COBOL for MS-DOS, and Multiplan for the Apple II and CP / M machines.
  Microsoft establishes a subsidiary in England to begin foreign sales efforts.
  WordPerfect Corporation introduces WordPerfect 1.0 a word processing program that will become one of the computer markets most popular word processing program.
  The first luggable computer is introduced.
  Sun is incorporated in February 1982, with four employees.
  Lotus Development Corporation is founded and Lotus 1-2-3, a spreadsheet program is introduced.
  Compaq Computer Corp. is founded by Rod Canion and other Texas Instruments Incorporated engineers. Compaq is the first company to introduce a clone of the IBM PC – the Compaq Portable in 1983 – and become IBMs biggest challenger in the corporate market.
  The Commodore 64 an 8-bit computer with 64 kilobytes of memory and Commodore BASIC begins to be sold.
  Diamond Multimedia is founded.
  The HX-20 becomes the first notebook-sized portable computer is introduced by Epson.
  MS-DOS version 1.25 is released.
  Apple Computer is the first personal computer manufacturer to hit the $1 billion mark for annual sales.
  Adobe is founded.
  BTC is founded
  The XT bus is introduced.
  Rich Skrenta a 15-year old high school student creates the first known computer virus known as The Elk Cloner.
1983 The IBM XT is first introduced on March 8, 1983.
  The first Apple WWDC is held.
  Compaq introduces the first 100% IBM compatible computer the ‘Compaq Portable’ in March of 1983.
  BSD 4.2 is released and introduces pseudo terminals.
  Zoran is founded.
  Paul Allen leaves Microsoft.
  The Time magazine nominates the personal computer as the ‘machine of the year’, the first non-human ever nominated.
  The 414s, a group of hackers are caught by the FBI.
  Interplay is founded.
  Novell introduces Netware.
  The Apple IIe is introduced. The computer contains 64 kilobytes of RAM one megahertz 6502 processor and running Applesoft BASIC and sells for $1,400.
  ARPANET standardizes TCP/IP.
  Tandy, Epson and NEC all sell notebook computers however only the Tandys model 100 becomes popular because of its low price of $499.
  THX is established.
  More than 10 million computers are in use in the United States.
  MS-DOS 2.0 was released March, 1983.
  True BASIC is created and is a compiled, structured language. It doesn’t require line numbers, as the original BASIC did, and includes the advanced control structures necessary for structured programming.
  The QIC Standard becomes the first standard in the computer history for tape drives.
  Microsoft Windows was announced November, 1983
1984 Docutel/Olivetti introduce the Olivetti PC, compatible with the IBM PC on January 3.
  On January 4th Netherlands Antilles issues a 45-cent postage stamp of a computer making a newspaper.
  On January 24, 1984 the Apple Macintosh is introduced.
  Hitachi announces it has developed the first memory chip capable of holding 1MB on January 5th.
  IBM’s AT computer is introduced.
  The MUD was known as MAD becomes the first global MUD and runs across BITNET.
  IBM introduces its first portable computer, the IBM Portable weighing in at 30 pounds.
  SETI is founded.
  Microsoft creates a new hardware and peripheral division March 29, 1984.
  ESS Technologies is founded.
  Guillemot is founded.
  Amiga is purchased by Commodore Business Machines on August 15th.
  Bill Gates is featured on the cover of Time magazine.
  The 3.5-inch floppy diskette is introduced and later becomes an industry standard.
  Dell Computer is founded May 3, 1984 in Austin Texas.
  Fox Software FoxBASE is introduced.
  Paul Mockapetris and Jon Postel introduce DNS.
  The now famous Apple commercial is shown during the Super Bowl, the commercial introduces the Apple Macintosh, a computer with graphical user interface instead of needing to type in commands. In six months sales of the computer reach 100,000.
  Apple AppleTalk networking protocol is introduced.
  Dhrystone is developed.
  IBM develops EGA.
  The computer Museum opens in downtown Boston.
  Microsoft introduces MS-DOS 3.0 for the IBM PC AT and MS-DOS 3.1 for networks.
  The Tandy 1000 personal computer is introduced and becomes the best-selling IBM-compatible computer of the year.
  IBM introduces the Enhanced Graphics Adapter – EGA – video card with higher resolution, more colors, and a quicker response then previous video cards.
  University of Southern California professor Fred Cohen creates alarm when he warns the public about computer viruses in his Computer Virus – Theory and Experiments paper.
  The term cyberspace is first used and coined by William Gibson in his book Neuromancer.
  The beginning of the greatest adventure computer gaming series is released by Sierra. Kings Quest 1: Quest for the crown is released to the public.
  The Yellow book of CD-ROM standards is written.
  Cirrus is established.
  ISA is expanded to 16-bit capability.
1985 The WELL is founded in February 1985 by Stewart Brand and Larry Brilliant.
  On January 4th at CES, Commodore introduces the Commodore 128 PC with 8502 processor 128 kB of RAM and ROM cartridge port.
  On January 4th at CES, Atari introduces the Atari 130XE, 130ST, 260ST, 520ST, 65XE, 65XEM, and 65XEP computers.
  The first Internet domain name symbolics.com is registered by Symbolics, a Massachusetts computer company on March 15, 1985.
  The GNU manifesto is published by Dr. Dobb’s Journal
  Software Arts assets are sold to Lotus. Software Arts is most well known for its VisiCalc program.
  The Amiga aka A1000 is introduced..
  PNY Technologies is founded.
  Dell releases its first computer, the ‘Turbo PC.’
  Titus Interactive is founded.
  Microtek introduces the world’s first 300-dpi black-and-white sheetfed scanner.
  Quantum Computer Services is founded, this company later becomes AOL.
  Microsoft and IBM begin collaboration on the next-generation operating system – OS/2 -.
  The computer company Gateway 2000 is founded in Siox City, Iowa on September 5, 1985.
  CAT1 wiring is introduced.
  Intel introduces the 80386 in October.
  Paul Brainard of Aldus Corporation introduces Pagemaker for the Macintosh, a program that lets users mix type and graphics on the same page. The combination of this software and the new Apple LaserWriter laser printer helps create the desktop publishing field.
  The Mach Project begins at the Carnegie Mellon University.
  IBM develops NetBEUI.
  Microsoft Windows 1.0 is introduced in November, 1985 and is initially sold for $100.00.
  The Nintendo Entertainment System makes its debut.
  ATI is founded.
  Boca is established.
  IBM introduces the Baby AT motherboard form factor.
  Corel is founded.
  Gravis is founded.
  Buffalo Information Technology – BIT – is founded.
1986 The Hacker Manifesto is published in Phrack – Volume One, Issue 7, Phile 3 of 10 – on January 8, 1986.
  The term vaporware is first used by Philip Elmer-DeWitt in a TIME magazine article.
  Gigabyte is founded.
  Pixar is co-founded by Steve Jobs.
  Apple introduces the Mac Plus. The computer contained one megabyte of RAM, new keyboard that contained cursors and numeric keypad and sold for $2,600.
  The AT or 101 key keyboard is introduced by IBM.
  Compaq introduces the first 386-based PC compatible computer.
  The NCSA opens.
  Microsoft is listed on the New York Stock Exchange selling shares to the public at $21 each, making Bill Gates one of the worlds youngest billionaires.
  More than 30 million computers are in use in the United States.
  MS-DOS 3.2 was released April, 1986.
  IMAP is developed by Stanford University.
  Eric Thomas develops the first Listserv.
  NSFNET is created.
  BITNET II is created.
  IBM PCD announces it’s first laptop computer, the PC Convertible, weighing 12 pounds.
  CD-i format is specified.
  Aztech is established.
  Avid is established.
1987 Oak Technology is founded.
  CompuServe introduces the GIF standard and images.
  RealTek is founded October 1987.
  Robert Noyce is awarded the National Medal of Technology.
  Microsoft purchases Forethought Incorporated. The company that developed the presentation software PowerPoint.
  Microsoft introduces Windows 2.0 in December 9, 1987.
  Microsoft introduces Microsoft Works.
  VIA Technologies is founded.
  Microsoft and IBM release OS/2 1.0.
  The Mac SE is introduced at $2,900.
  Chipsets begin to be found on computer motherboards.
  IBM introduces the PS/2 personal computer that has improved graphics, a 3.5-inch diskette drive, and proprietary bus to help prevent clone makers competition, and a bidirectional 8-bit port.
  IBM sends clone manufacturers letters demanding retroactive licensing fees.
  IBM develops 8514/A.
  MS-DOS 3.3 was released April, 1987.
  IBM introduces MCA.
  Microsoft Shares hits $100 per share.
  Apogee is founded, Apogee is well known for its computer games as well as the company who first released a ‘Shareware’ game.
  The SPARC processor is first introduced by Sun.
  IBM introduces VGA.
  Larry Wall introduces Perl 1.0
  Elitegroup Computer Systems is established.
1988 Apple files a copyright infringement against Microsoft for Windows 2.03 and Hewlett Packard for New Wave in comparison with their Macintosh operating system.
  About 45 million PCs are in use in the United States.
  SNMP is introduced.
  Robert Morris, a twenty-three year old programmer releases a worm onto ARPANET that disables roughly 6,000 computers.
  First T-1 backbone is added to ARPANET.
  Xircom is founded.
  Bitnet and CSNET merge to create CREN.
  Trend Micro is founded.
  Creative Labs introduces the SoundBlaster, a sound card for the PC that contains an 11-voice FM synthesizer with text-to-speech, digitized voice input / output, a MIDI port, a joystick port and bundled software.
  Jarkko Oikarinen develops IRC
  EISA is announced in September as an alternative to MCA.
  Motorola releases the 88000 processor.
  NTP is introduced.
  Intel 80386SX is introduced.
  Promise is founded.
  OSF is founded.
  Morphing is first introduced in the movie Willow.
  MS-DOS 4.0 was released July, 1988.
  MS-DOS 4.01 was released November, 1988.
1989 GriD Systems Corporation introduces the first pen-based computer.
  PCMCIA trade association is founded.
  ActionFront is founded.
  The Gif89a standard is introduced.
  ABIT is founded.
  Fred Cohen is awarded the Information Technology Award.
  Intel releases the 486DX processor, with more than 1 million transistors and multitasking capabilities.
  Orange book is released by Philips and Sony.
  Poqet announces the Poqet PC the first pocket-sized MS-DOS compatible computer…/history/198090.htm
  Asus is founded.
  The networking routing protocol OSPF is introduced.
  Citrix is founded.
  S3 Inc. is founded.
1990 In 1990 Tim Berners-Lee, working with Robert Cailliau at CERN propose a ‘hypertext’ system, which is the first start of the Internet as we know it today.
  Microsoft releases Windows 3.0 a completely new version of Microsoft Windows. The version will sell more than 3 million copies in one year.
  Microsoft exceeds $1 billion in sales and becomes the first company to do so.
  Godwin’s Law is conceived.
  Hubble telescope goes into space.
  Microsoft releases its first product for the Russian market Russian DOS 4.01.
  The World, the first commercial Internet dial-up access provider comes online.
  Norton sells his software business to Symantec.
  Creative Labs introduces the SoundBlaster Pro.
  Quarterdeck releases its memory management program QEMM386 version 5.1 which quickly becomes the fastest-selling software program in the Untied States.
  Robert Noyce passes away June 3, 1990.
  The Multimedia Personal Computer – MPC – standards are developed by Tandy and Microsoft.
  Microsoft and IBM stop working together to develop operating systems.
  IBM introduces XGA.
  ARPANET replaced by NSFNET.
  The first search engine Archie, written by Alan Emtage, Bill Heelan, and Mike Parker at McGill University in Montreal Canada is released on September 10, 1990
  GSM standard is defined.
  The NiMH battery begins being used for commercial use.
  Panda Software is founded.
  Archie, the first search engine is introduced on September 10, 1990.
  Gopher is developed at the University of Minnesota. The program is a menu-driven search-and-retrieval tool and helps Internet users location information online.
  Intel releases the 80386SL processor which uses low power and found in many portable computers.
1991 id Software is founded February 1, 1991.
  BSDi is founded.
  Tim Berners-Lee introduces WWW to the public on August 6, 1991.
  NSF opens the Internet to commercial use.
  AMD introduces the AM386 microprocessor family in March.
  Intel introduces the Intel 486SX chip in April in efforts to help bring a lower-cost processor to the PC market selling for $258.00.
  Cell phone Lithium batteries begin being recalled in Japan after phone explodes and burns mans face while talking on the phone.
  The Sega Genesis game ‘Zero Wing’ is introduced. The phrase ‘All your base are belong to us’ later becomes a popular saying for computer gamers and geeks.
  Linux is introduced by Linus Torvald in 1991. Complete history on Linux can be found on our Linux / Unix history section.
  The World Wide Web is launched to the public August 6, 1991. Tim Berners-Lee, a scientist at the European Partial Physics Laboratory – CERN – in Geneva, Switzerland develops the Web as a research tool.
  Symantec releases Norton anti-virus software.
  The programming language FORTRAN 90 is created.
  Following its decision not to develop operating systems cooperatively with IBM, Microsoft changes the name of OS/2 to Windows NT.
  Creative Labs releases a multimedia upgrade kit that includes a CD-ROM drive, the SoundBlaster Pro sound card, a MIDI kit and a variety of software applications. The kit allows IBM compatible users to obtain all tools needed to meet the MPC standards.
  Pretty Good Privacy more commonly known as PGP a public key used for encryption is released as Freeware by Philip Zimmerman.
  The computer Monkey Virus is first discovered in Edmonton, Canada.
  The DLT tape drive is released as a very reliable, high-speed and high-capacity tape drive solution.
  The Enhanced Parallel Port – EPP – is developed by Intel, Xircom and Zenith Data Systems.
  TrueType a scalable font is introduced and developed by Microsoft and Apple and is used on all Apple computers and PC computers running Windows.
  MS-DOS 5.0 was released June, 1991.
1992 Internet Society formed.
  Grace Hopper passes away January 1, 1992.
  NSFNET upgraded to T-3 backbone.
  Microsoft introduces Windows 3.1. It sells more than 1 million copies within the first two months of its release.
  Intel releases the 486DX2 chip March 2 with a clock doubling ability that generates higher operating speeds.
  Microsoft acquires Fox Software in June, maker of FoxPro.
  VESA local bus is introduced.
  Radio Shack releases the M2500 XL/2 and M4020 SX personal computers, which are the first personal based upon the MPC specification.
  The Reusable Alkaline battery is used for commercial use.
  GeCAD is founded.
  EPP version 1.7 is released.
  IBM PCD introduces ThinkPad, the industry’s first notebook with a 10.4 inch color TFT display and TrackPoint.
  Thrustmaster is founded.
  TWAIN a standard interface for scanning equipment is developed by the TWAIN consortium, as it was called, consisted of representatives from Aldus, Caere, Eastman, Kodak, Hewlett Packard and Logitech.
  Microsoft and Hewlett Packard develops ECP.
  MIME standard is defined.
  Open Database Connectivity – ODBC – is developed by SQL Access Group.
1993 Fifty World Wide Web servers are known to exist as of January.
  Winsock is released January 1993.
  President Bill Clinton puts the United States White House online with a World Wide Web page and E-mail address for the President, Vice President and first lady.
  Microsoft releases Windows NT, Microsoft Office 4.0 and MS-DOS 6.0.
  Intel develops PPGA.
  Efficient Networks is established.
  Tandy sells its computer business to AST Research.
  Intel releases the Pentium Processor on March 22 1993. The processor is a 60 MHz processor, incorporates 3.2 million transistors and sells for $878.00.
  The NCSA releases the Mosaic browser April 22, 1993.
  Microsoft and IBM introduce a PnP ISA.
  Microsoft Windows NT 3.1 was released July 27, 1993.
  Neomagic is founded.
  Wine begins to be developed.
  John Scully is named president of Apple Computers.
  IrDA is founded.
  FRISK software is founded.
  Funcom is founded.
  PowerQuest is founded.
  The Internet experiences massive growth.
  ADSI is developed at Bellcore
  The Environmental Protection Agency, along with 50 computer companies, establish Energy Star guidelines which aim to decrease the amount of power a PC uses when they are idle.
  Developed by IBM, Motorola and Apple the PowerPC processor for the Apple Power Mac is introduced and later included in the Power Mac.
  VCD is introduced.
  The PC game DOOM by IdSoftware was released December 1993. Today DOOM is thought of as a turning point for first person shooters and for games in general.
  The computer game Myst is released and later is honored for being one of the most popular, well known, and sold IBM compatible and Apple Macintosh title.
1994 Commodore computers files Bankruptcy.
  Vice President Al Gore makes a speech where he coins the term ‘Information Superhighway.’
  IBM releases OS/2 Warp.
  VESA Local Bus 2.0 is released.
  Intel releases the second generation of Intel Pentium processors on March 7, 1994.
  Netscape – Mosaic Communications corporation – is found by Marc Andreesen and James H. Clark April 4, 1994.
  3DFX is founded.
  Iomega releases its Zip disk drive and diskettes.
  Red Hat Linux is founded.
  The World Wide Web Consortium is founded by Tim Bernes-Lee.
  Microsoft releases its beta for Windows 95, code named Chicago.
  Rasmus Lerdorf creates PHP.
  IBM PCD introduces the IBM ThinkPad 775CD, the first notebook with an integrated CD-ROM.
  Hotwired.com runs the Internets first banner ad.
  A mathematical flaw in the Intel Pentium involving the Pentium not correctly performing floating-point calculations is discovered. Later this leads to Intel millions of processors.
  YAHOO is created in April, 1994.
  Sunbelt Software is founded.
  The e-mail hoax ‘Good Times virus’ is first sent out in e-mail. The hoax claimed that an e-mail containing ‘Good Times’ in the subject was spreading on the Internet and if opened would erase everything on the hard disk drive and to forward the warning to all your friends. This e-mail continues to be sent out even today.
  MS-DOS 6.22 was released April, 1994.
  Intel introduces the Intel 486DX4 processor.
  ANSI approves the ATA standard May 12, 1994.
  Microsoft releases Windows 3.11.
  Jay Miner passes away June 20, 1994.
  Norway’s telecom company, Telenor, starts a research project that later becomes Opera Software
  Microsoft Windows NT 3.5 was released September 21, 1994.
  W3C organization is founded by Tim Bernes-Lee.
  Commodore completed its file for bankruptcy.
  The Mach Project ends.
  Mosaic Netscape 0.9, the first Netscape browser is officially released.
  On December 24, 1994 Unisys and CompuServe announced that they expected licensing fees for software that creates and displays GIF images. This caused a lot of hysteria among developers and website owners using GIF images because of potential future GIF taxes which lead to the development of the PNG format.
1995 Apple allows other computer companies to clone its computer by announcing its licensed the Macintosh operating system rights to Radius on January 4.
  IBM introduces the butterfly keyboard.
  The dot-com boom starts.
  Code named Utopia Microsoft Bob is introduced to the public January 5, 1995 at the CES by Bill Gates.
  The first Wiki is created.
  Computer hacker Kevin Mitnick is arrested by the FBI.
  EPoX is founded in February
  The first VoIP software – Vocaltec – is released allowing end users to make voice calls over the Internet.
  Apple develops FireWire.
  Microsoft releases Internet Explorer 1.0 in August of 1995.
  Netscape goes public at $28.00 a share and by the closing ends at $58.00 a share.
  The first E3 is held in Las Vegas Nevada.
  Intel introduces the SMBus.
  Microsoft and General Electrics NBC television network form a partnership.
  LiveScript is renamed to JavaScript.
  Java is introduced.
  Microsoft Windows NT 3.51 was released May 30, 1995.
  Microsoft Releases Windows 95, within four days the software sells more than 1 million copies.
  One of the largest and well known e-commerce sites today opens its website for the first time. Amazon.com is officially opened  July of 1995.
  DSVD is released.
  WebTV Networks is founded.
  EBay is founded by Pierre Omidyar.
  Hotmail is started by Jack Smith and Sabeer Bhatia.
  The first version of Internet Explorer, Microsoft Internet Explorer 1.0 is introduced in August.
  CD-E is introduced to the general public.
  Microsoft releases DirectX 1.0 – 4.02.0095 – on September 30, 1995.
  EDO memory is introduced.
  Intel releases the new motherboard form factor ATX.
  Lotus becomes a part of IBM.
  Intel introduces the Intel Pentium Pro in November.
  Toy Story is released November 22, 1995 becoming the first movie that is completely computer generated.
  Larry Page and Sergey Brin begin developing PageRank, an important technology that becomes an important part of Google.
  USB standard is released.
1996 Netgear is founded January 8, 1996.
  Intel releases the 200 MHz P6.
  Telecom Act deregulates data networks.
  For the first time more e-mail is sent than postal mail in USA.
  Microsoft VBScript is introduced.
  Microsoft releases DirectX 2.0a – 4.03.00.1096 – on June 5, 1996.
  Microsoft Windows NT 4.0 was released July 29, 1996.
  Li-polymer batteries begin being used.
  CREN ended its support and since then the network has cease to exist.
  What first started off as a Usenet, IMDb becomes incorporated as the Internet Movie Database, Ltd.
  Google is first developed by Sergey Brin and Larry Page.
  KDE is started to be developed by Matthias Ettrich
  Macromedia purchases FutureWave and later releases Macromedia Flash 1.0
  The CDA amendment to the U.S. 1996 Telecommunications Act that went into effect on February 8, 1996. The law was intended to protect children from obscenity on the Internet, but many Internet users argued that its language was too vague and it violated the rights of free speech. Protesters against the law turned their web pages black and displayed blue ribbon icons downloaded from the Electronic Frontier Foundation. February 8, 1996 is more commonly known as ‘black Thursday.’
  Cray Research merges with SGI.
  ATA-2 is approved by ANSI.
  IBM and Sears sell Prodigy is sold to Internet Wireless.
  Microsoft releases Internet Explorer 3.0 in August of 1996.
  AT&T introduces Worldnet.
  Microsoft releases DirectX 3.0 – 4.04.00.0068 – on June 5, 1996.
  AT&T spins off the system and technology unit which renames itself Lucent Technologies.
  IBM computer Deep Blue beats chess master Garry Kasparov in two chess matches for the first time on February 2, 1996.
  NEC merges its PC operations outside Japan with Packard Bell.
  Sony enters the PC market with the release of VAIO.
  Creative Labs introduces the 3D Blaster card its first graphics card to be released to the computer market.
  Apple Stock sinks to a 10-year low of less than $18.00 a share.
  U.S. Robotics Pilot is announced.
  Seagate has completed the merger of Conner Peripherals.
  Microsoft releases Windows CE.
  Tandy Corp. announces it will either sell or close all of its 17 incredible Universe stores and 19 of its Computer City stores because of low sales and losses in revenue.
  WebTV is introduced allowing users to browse the web from their TV July 10, 1996.
  MSNBC makes its debut.
  Microsoft introduces the IntelliMouse also known as a wheel mouse.
  Acer America Corporation introduces its designer home PCs.
  Sun Microsystems releases its line of network computers.
  Apple buys NeXT Software Inc. for $400 million and acquires Steve Jobs, Apples cofounder, as a consultant.
  Microsoft Windows CE 1.0 is released as a portable operating system solution.
  Bit 3 becomes part of SBS Technologies.
  Seymour Cray passes away October 5, 1996.
  The U.S. Postal Services releases a new stamp commemorating the 50th birthday of the ENIAC.
  K56Flex is announced in November by Lucent and Rockwell.
  The ATSC approves of HDTV on December 24, 1996.
1997 Mosaic development and support officially discontinued on January 7, 1997.
  On January 7th Microsoft releases the final version of Internet Explorer 3.0 for the Apple Macintosh.
  The PNG standard is introduced on January 10, 1997.
  Internet2 consortium is established.
  IEEE releases 802.11 – WiFi – standard.
  Microsoft releases DirectX 5.0 – 4.05.00.0155 – on July 16, 1997.
  Intel introduces the MMX chip.
  ATA-3 is approved by ANSI.
  Several computer manufactures introduce sub 1,000 computers, computers that cost less than $1,000.00.
  AOL faces several lawsuits from subscribers who are upset about the difficulties encountered when attempting to connect to its services.
  IBMs Deep Blue computer defeats world champion chess player Garry Kasparov in their second six-game showdown, winning the tie-breaking game in only 62 minutes.
  The dancing baby becomes one of the Internets first fads. The dancingbaby is a short 3D animation of a small baby wearing diapers dancing. It was first created by Michael Girard and later tweaked by Ron Lussier at LucasArts who released it on a CompuServe forum as chacha.avi.
  Altavista introduces its free online translator Babel Fish.
  A cult known as the Heaven’s Gate that earns its money from designing web sites commits a mass suicide on March 27, 1997.
  Digital Video Discs / Digital Versatile Discs – DVDs – go on sale.
  Microsoft announces plans to buy WebTV Networks in April for $425 million. The deal is later approved and completed in August.
  CompUSA joins Dell and Gateway in selling build-to-order PC computers.
  Intel Pentium II is introduced on May 7, 1997.
  Kaspersky is founded.
  Carsten Haitzler releases Enlightenment.
  E ink is established.
  CD-RW drives and media are introduced.
  Bill Gates is now the worlds richest businessman.
  The NASA Pathfinder Web site, which is running real-time images sent from the Pathfinder on Mars receives more than 100 million hits during its first four days, in response to the high popularity NASA sets up 25 mirror pages to handle the traffic. The site sets a new popularity record.
  Microsoft begins working on its own search engine.
  The TRUSTe organization is founded.
  Microsoft releases Internet Explorer 4.0 in September of 1997.
  Microsoft releases Microsoft Office 97.
  Microsoft announces Windows 98.
  3Com buys U.S. Robotics for $6.6 billion making the consolidation the largest in the history of computer companies.
  Apple releases MAC OS 8.
  Nullsoft is founded by Justin Frankel.
  Webroot Software is founded.
  Microsoft invests $150 million in Apple Computers Inc. and agrees to continue creating software for Apple computers, in agreement Apple makes Microsoft Internet Explorer its browser of choice for Macintosh computers.
  The Li-Ion battery begins being used for commercial uses.
  The Intel Pentium II 233 MHz processor is released.
  IEEE introduced 802.11 the wireless network standard in June 1997.
  Advanced Graphics Port or AGP designed for Video cards. Designed by Intel is released August of 1997.
  Microsoft Windows CE 2.x is released.
  Cyrix is established.
  Riven, the sequel to Myst is released in October 1997.
  Microsoft acquires Hotmail a free e-mail service in December 1997.
1998 Internet weblogs begin to appear.
  Intel releases the Celeron processor.
  Compaq Computer purchases Digital Equipment Corporation for $9.6 billion on January 26, 1998.
  Hearings open between Microsoft and the U.S. Department of Justice to whether Microsoft has a monopoly on the software market.
  The DMCA is passed.
  ATA-4 is approved by ANSI.
  Lite-on is founded.
  eMachines is founded.
  3DNow! is introduced by AMD.
  Sun releases the JavaStation
  Netscape releases Navigator 5.0 as well as revealing its complete source code for Navigator on its Web site and announces that AOL will stop developing and supporting Netscape February 1, 1998.
  Bill Gates, is hit in the face with a cream pie.
  During the demonstration of a pre-release copy of Windows 98 at Comdex Bill Gates and an assistant demonstrate how to install a scanner. During the demonstration Windows 98 caused an error message.
  V.90 modem standard is announced and agreed on February 6, 1998
  Sun Microsystems begins shipping the JavaStation in March of 1998.
  Saehan’s MPMan becomes the first MP3 player released in Japan to the public in spring of 1998.
  The CIH virus also known as Chernobyl virus is created and begins infecting computers and starts executing one year later on April 26, 1999 the same day as the Chernobyl accident in Ukraine on April 26, 1986.
  SETI@Home is introduced on June 8, 1998.
  Microsoft Windows 98 is officially released on June 25, 1998.
  The ‘Solar Sunrise’ attack is launched by two teenager hackers and gives them access to more than 500 military government computers.
  Google is founded by Sergey Brin and Larry Page September 7, 1998.
  The CST is initiated by ETA.
  AMR is released September 9, 1998
  Rockstar Games is founded.
  MySQL is introduced.
  PayPal is founded.
  Amazon purchases IMDb.
  Apple introduces the iMac, the iMac helps bring Apple back on the computer maps as a very easy and friendly computer.
  Award, well known for its computer BIOS becomes part of Phoenix, another company well known for its computer BIOS.
  In October of 1998 Microsoft announced that future releases of Windows NT would no longer have the initials of NT and that the next edition would be Windows 2000.
  Computer Hope is established in November 1998.
1999 The Victoria’s Secret fashion show becomes the first major webcast on the Internet attracting over 1.5 million visitors on February 5, 1999. Unfortunately not everyone was able to view the webcast because of the popularity.
  The Intel Pentium III 500 MHz is released on February 26, 1999.
  Microsoft acquires Access software April 19, 1999.
  IEEE introduced 802.11b.
  Microsoft releases Windows CE 3.0
  Microsoft releases Internet Explorer 5.0 in March 18, 1999.
  The Melissa begins infecting computers March 26, 1999 and quickly spreads around the globe over e-mail in hours and becomes one of the fastest spreading viruses in history.
  RSAC becomes part of ICRA
  The Intel Pentium III 550 MHz is released on May 17, 1999.
  National Semiconductor announced it will exit the PC processor market. June 30, 1999 – VIA Technologies announces it will acquire Cyrix from National Semiconductor.
  IBM introduces the first Microdrive, the world’s physically smallest hard drive capable of storing 170MB.
  The Intel Pentium III 600 MHz is released on August 2, 1999.
  The Intel Pentium III 533B and 600B MHz is released on September 27, 1999.
  Aims Labs goes out of business.
  Amazon agrees to buy Accept.com, Alexa Internet – Alexa.com -, and Exchange.com.
  AOL purchases Nullsoft Jun 1, 1999.
  NVIDIA introduces the GPU.
  The Melissa e-mail virus begins spreading over the Internet causing an estimated $80 million in damage.
  Iomega releases its Zip plus disk drive and diskettes.
  Sun Microsystems acquires StarDivision, the developers behind the StarOffice suite of software.
  The Intel Pentium III Coppermine series is first introduced on October 25, 1999.
  The D programming language starts development.
  On December 1, 1999 the most expensive Internet domain name business.com was sold by Marc Ostrofsky for $7.5 Million.

 

A picture is worth a thousand words but it takes 3,000 times the disk space.